This is the name of the village where Mirza Ghulam Ahmad was born and lived for most of his life. It is located in Punjab (now Eastern Punjab, part of India).
It is situated a few miles from Batala in District Gurdaspur. It was inhabited by Hindus and Sikhs as well as Muslims during the latter half of the 19th century.
When the Ahmadiyya movement gained steam in the 1890s and the 1900s, Ahmadis migrated to this village in droves. As Mirza Ghulam Ahmad was one of the bigger landlords of the area, he accommodated them in existing dwellings.
However, Dard (in his biography of Mirza Ghulam Ahmad, p.777) writes:
"The officiating Tahsildar of Batala, Moti Ram, came to Qadian on May 8th, 1903, and made some
During the schism of 1914, the Lahoris moved to Lahore and set up their headquarters there.
After the schism, his son Mirza Mahmud Ahmad became the head of the Qadiani Ahmadiyya and started property development, acquiring adjacent land through Shufa (right of first refusal) and setting up subdivisions and selling land to the Ahmadis coming into the area, which was a town by now. The marketing was quite active and aimed at pensioners who were told to spend their lump-sum pensions to purchase property in the town. One such pensioner was Babu Akbar Ali.
Here is the full article: Qadian as mini Vatican
Mirza Bashir Ahmad co-ordinated these real estate activities through his assistants Malik Abdullah and Maulvi Zahoor Hussain, but no actual title was transferred unless someone insisted on it. This is possible due to the peculiarity of the land laws of British India. Some of these subdivisions were:
After the partition of Indian in 1947, Mirza Mahmud Ahmad forbade his followers from filing reciprocal claims against their properties in Qadian (as there was no clear title) and he told them, 'we will be going back to Qadian soon'. It is widely believed that he filed a collective claim for all the properties and was allocated huge tracts of land in the newly formed state of Pakistan, among which are:
Details of the lawsuit that acquired the land in Qadian from the Sikh owners and the claims have been documented in the book Mirza Mahmud ki Maali bad-Uwanian published by the Haqiqat Pasand Party.
Current Official Description
The government of District Gurdaspur has this description of the current state of the town:
The members of the Qadiani Ahmadiyya are now located in one area of Qadian: Ward 7. They elect one councillor to the town council, usually unopposed.
Talim-ul-Islam School and College, the main educational institutions of the Qadiani branch of the Ahmadiyya, now house the Sikh National College, which moved there from Lahore after the partition of India in 1947.